Nutritional and lifestyle elements in this age population needs to be thoroughly examined, said Dr. Jules Garbus, an attending colorectal cosmetic surgeon at Winthrop-University Hospital in Mineola, N.Y. Moreover, a genetic connect to colorectal cancer clearly should be considered. Dr. Jerald Wishner directs the Colorectal Surgery Program at Northern Westchester Hospital in Mount Kisco, N.Y. He remarked that with regards to cancer of the colon, there are no standardized recommendations for screening patients under 50 without risk factors. That is further complicated by the actual fact that there are few early indicators of colorectal cancer and many sufferers who present with symptoms curently have advanced disease, he stated.‘That’s what we’re attempting to tackle here: when a person 1st is exposed to a cigarette, what goes on in the mind that might lead to a second cigarette?’ Learning and memory are thought to be encoded in the brain via synaptic plasticity, the long-term strengthening and weakening of connections between neurons. When two neurons are repeatedly activated together, a stronger bond forms between them, raising the ability of one to excite the additional. Previous analysis in the laboratory of Daniel McGehee, PhD, neuroscientist and associate professor in the Department of Anesthesia & Critical Treatment at the Medical Center, discovered that nicotine could promote plasticity in a region of the brain known as the ventral tegmental area .